One of the major issues in Nam Ton Watershed (and to a large extent in Lao PDR) is the unclear land use zoning which generates lack of long term perspective for farmers and villagers. Land use zoning and management widely impact natural resources, water being likely the key one. For that reason, it has been decided to extent the existing Participatory Land Use Planning (PLUP) process by merging Water with Land Use in a new so-called “Participatory Water and Land Use Planning” (PWLUP). Implementing the PLWUP process in Nam Ton Watershed offered a great opportunity to identify the main key issues in watershed by including Water resources management together with the debate on Land Use. More specifically, as far as water is concerned, the PLWUP exercise, carried out together with the villagers, allows identifying, mapping and formalising specific areas or zones to be protected in term of quality and quantity such as wetland and zone where flood can be buffered, aquifers protection areas, river embankment protected zones, fish reproduction zones, new paddy areas etc.
In addition, the PWLUP widely contribute to get a better knowledge of the watershed regarding :
- Identification of water outtakes, water needs and water related issue from the perspective of grass-roots communities.
- Identification of Villages to consider when developing water conservation activities as a part of Village Development Plan Process which is one of the key component of the whole watershed management planning process.
- Develop the concepts of water monitoring, water use and water allocation.
The expected outcome of PLWUP’s application includes short term perspective and long term perspective as following:
|Short Term Perspective|
|Long Term Perspective|